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Autoimmune Diseases that You Need to Know

The statistic shows that there are about 50 million Americans currently who are living with an autoimmune disease. The number has been increasing day in day out and this has raised concerns among doctors and other medical professionals. One thing you need to know is that your immune system works to protect you from diseases and infections. On the other hand, when you have an autoimmune system, it brings some dysfunction on the immune system. There is the need to know that when you have an autoimmune disease, the disruption caused in your immune system makes it not to keep you safe from diseases and infections. There is the need to know that the actual causes of these diseases have not been established. There is a need to learn about this autoimmune disease that affects a lot of people.

The first autoimmune disease is diabetes type 1. For proper regulation of the blood sugar levels, the body produces the hormone known as insulin. However, when someone has the type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. There is the need to know that all autoimmune diseases have one thing in common which is mistakenly attacking the body itself. In that state of confusion, the body cannot tell the difference between its own cells and foreign cells.

You also need to be aware of multiple sclerosis. There is the need to know that multiple sclerosis works to destroy the nerve cell coating. The nerve cells are also known as the myelin sheath. When the nerve cell coating is damaged, the transmission of information from the brain to the body through the spinal cord slows down significantly. It is like the communication system in your body is shut down in a great way.

There is the need to know about the graves’ disease. It is important to know that the thyroid hormones are essential in controlling the usage of the body’s energy. With the Graves’ disease, however, the immune system plans an attack on the thyroid glands. This increases the production of the thyroid hormones which causes the body to increase its activities leading to fast heartbeat, nervousness and other things.

The above diseases are the most common ones though there are more that exist. It is important to know that you learn about the symptoms to know if you or a close person to you is suffering from an autoimmune disease. When you realize that you have it rough trying to concentrate or focus, feel tired, weight gain, insomnia and such symptoms, it could mean that you have an autoimmune disease. From there the doctor will help to get the treatment that will ensure that you get your life back.

Living with an autoimmune disease is a huge detriment to one’s life.